La Résolution Du Nouvel An!

Today’s post comes from Stéphanie LeBlanc. Stéphanie is a PhD candidate in Experimental Medicine at Quebec Heart and Lung Institute—Université Laval.  She is also the current National Chapter Representative of the CON-SNP National Executive. You can find more about Stéphanie here


L’arrivée de la nouvelle année est souvent synonyme de nouveau départ. Ayant surconsommé durant la période des fêtes, notre culpabilité nous incite à nous prendre en mains et une résolution populaire est d’améliorer son alimentation et d’être plus actif. Voici quelques conseils clés pour vous aider à élaborer votre résolution cette année.

Canadian Obesity Network

Augmenter la proportion de « bon » gras dans l’alimentation. Voulant manger mieux, le premier réflexe est souvent de couper les gras de notre alimentation. Toutefois, couper le gras de notre assiette n’est pas nécessairement la meilleure méthode pour réduire le risque de développer des désordres métaboliques ou une maladie cardiovasculaire. L’étude PREDIMED, réalisée dans les années 2003 à 2011, a comparé les effets de 3 diètes, sans restriction calorique : 1) une diète méditerranéenne supplémentée avec de l’huile d’olive extra-vierge ; 2) une diète méditerranéenne supplémentée avec des noix ; et 3) une diète réduite en gras1. À long terme, il

Calum Lewis

s’est avéré que les participants dans les groupes avec une diète méditerranéenne supplémentée en huile d’olive ou en noix présentaient une prise de poids moindre et une plus faible augmentation de la circonférence de taille en comparaison aux participants avec une diète réduite en gras2. De plus, le risque de diabète de type 2, de maladie cardiovasculaire et d’hypertension s’est vu réduit dans ces 2 groupes supplémentés en huile d’olive ou en noix1. Ainsi, la solution n’est pas de couper tous les gras, mais d’augmenter la proportion de « bon » gras dans notre alimentation. La diète méditerranéenne est caractérisée par une augmentation de la consommation de fruits et légumes, de noix, de légumineuses, de produits céréaliers à grains entiers, d’huile d’olive et de poissons, et une réduction des produits transformés, des viandes rouges et des sucreries1.

 

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Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: A Threat to the Health of Canadians

Today’s post comes from Alexa Ferdinands. Alexa is a registered dietitian and a PhD student in health promotion and socio-behavioural sciences at the University of Alberta. She is also the current Financial Director of the CON-SNP National Executive. You can find more about Alexa here


 

http://www.tanyabenet.com/

The dangers of sugar have plagued media headlines over the last several years. The evidence behind some of these headlines is questionable (no, sugar is not the same as cocaine). What is certain, however, is that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major source of sugar in Canadians’ diets, and pose a serious harm to our health.

SSBs refer to drinks with added sugar, corn syrup, or other caloric sweeteners, including regular (non-diet) pop, energy drinks, sports drinks, and fruit drinks (not 100% juice). Unlike other foods and beverages, SSBs provide virtually no nutritional value, aside from energy. Furthermore, people don’t usually adjust their dietary intake to compensate for calories consumed from SSBs, leading to weight gain (1). Aside from obesity, SSB consumption has been linked to other serious chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes and heart disease (2-4). Despite their negative health impacts, SSBs in Canada are inexpensive, widely available, and heavily marketed by industry.

Drawing on lessons learned from tobacco control (another harmful substance with no health benefits), SSB taxation has emerged as a potential public health tool to address obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases. Although there is no magic bullet for obesity, SSB taxation can serve as one piece of the prevention puzzle.

Breaking research from the University of Waterloo suggests that the health and economic benefits of a 50 cent per litre tax on SSBs

http://www.cookinglight.com

in Alberta could be substantial (5). According to the research, over the next 25 years, a 50 cent per litre tax in Alberta could postpone 1,200 deaths in the province, and prevent:

  • 61,300 cases of overweight and obesity
  • 21,700 cases of type 2 diabetes
  • 5,700 cases of ischemic heart disease
  • 2,100 cases of cancer
  • 750 cases of stroke

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Weight Loss Maintenance Takes Grit?

Today’s post comes from Melissa Fernandez. Melissa is a registered dietitian with a Masters in nutrition at McGill University. She is currently completing her PhD at Université Laval and is also the Vice Chair of the CON-SNP National Executive. You can find more about Melissa here


 

https://topnaija.ng/

I have been fascinated with the concept of grit since I came across Angela Lee Duckworthy’s Ted Talk “The key to success? Grit”. Duckworth’s research has shown that in various contexts, from military academy to spelling bees, regardless of IQ, grit is a strong predictor of success. Essentially, according to Duckworth:

“Grit is passion and perseverance for very long-term goals. Grit is having stamina. Grit is sticking with your future, day in, day out, not just for the week, not just for the month, but for years, and working really hard to make that future a reality. Grit is living life like it’s a marathon, not a sprint.”  

You can imagine my surprise when I came across a blog that applied grit theory to success in health matters, specifically weight loss maintenance.

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La Taille Hypertriglycéridémiante

Today’s post comes from Stéphanie LeBlanc. Stéphanie is a PhD candidate in Experimental Medicine at Quebec Heart and Lung Institute—Université Laval.  She is also the current National Chapter Representative of the CON-SNP National Executive. You can find more about Stéphanie here

 


http://www.myhealthywaist.org/documentation-centre

Tissu adipeux abdominal

Le corps emmagasine le surplus d’énergie de différentes façons, mais la principale réserve demeure la graisse. On distingue deux principaux types du tissu adipeux : 1) sous-cutané et 2) viscéral. Alors que le tissu adipeux sous-cutané est généralement apparent étant localisé sous la peau, la graisse viscérale, entourant les viscères, peut être très peu apparente. Le tissu adipeux sous-cutané est peu délétère pour l’organisme, certaines études allant jusqu’à rapporter des propriétés protectrices contre les maladies cardiovasculaires1. Inversement, le tissu adipeux abdominal viscéral (intra-abdominal) est associé à des désordres métaboliques, augmentant le risque de souffrir de diabète de type 2, de dyslipidémie, d’hypertension et de maladies cardiovasculaires2, 3. La mesure de la quantité de graisse viscérale abdominale pourrait donc être très pertinente d’un point de vue clinique afin d’identifier les individus avec cette forme d’obésité à risque.

L’évaluation du tissu adipeux abdominal

La mesure de la graisse viscérale nécessite l’utilisation de méthodes d’imagerie couteuses pour lesquelles l’analyse requière des habiletés particulières (ex. imagerie par résonance magnétique ou tomodensitométrie). Il a été suggéré que la simple mesure de la circonférence de taille soit un outil efficace, informant sur l’excès de graisse abdominale, en plus d’être accessible à faible coût4. De plus, la circonférence de taille a été associée aux mesures de la graisse viscérale, soutenant son utilité clinique dans l’évaluation de surplus du tissu adipeux viscéral5. Toutefois, bien que la circonférence de taille soit un outil clinique très prometteur, celle-ci ne permet pas de différencier la graisse abdominale sous-cutanée de la graisse abdominale viscérale.

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One Size Does NOT Fit All: The Importance of Positive Body Image

Today’s post comes from Megan Lamb and Darcie Valois. Megan and Darcie both completed graduate studies in psychology at Carleton University. Darcie is a recent MA grad and Megan is currently a PhD student.


 

 

It’s time to come clean: many of us are guilty of letting a few of these phrases fall carelessly from our mouths from time to time. Whether it is a discussion with friends, or a conversation with yourself, negative self-talk and appearance comparisons are often present in our day-to-day lives. However, many people are unaware of the devastating impact these phrases and comparisons can have on the well-being of ourselves, and those around us.

Today, the majority of youth report being unhappy with their appearance or weight. Research suggests that children begin reporting body dissatisfaction between the ages of six and nine, which increases into middle and high school years, and may continue throughout life. These statistics are alarming, as research has shown that body dissatisfaction is associated with many negative outcomes such as lower self-esteem, disordered eating behaviours, increased symptoms of depression, substance abuse, and peer teasing. Given this, it is critical that parents, educators, and professionals aware of factors that can impact body image development in youth and demonstrate positive body image to aid in the healthy development of children. Here, I will first discuss why body image is important, then reflect on some things that influence body image development and provide tools to improve body image.
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Tackling Weight Bias in the Classroom: CON-SNP UW’s Weight Bias Module

Today’s guest post comes from Katelyn Godin and Amanda Raffoul. They are both in the School of Public Health and Health Systems at the University of Waterloo. 


Weight bias and discrimination permeate many aspects of daily life. We witness it in the workplace (Rudolph, 2009), in public health communications (recall the Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta’s “Strong4Life” campaign?), in media representations of people with obesity (Ata, 2010), and even in healthcare settings, where it is perhaps most studied (Phelan, 2015).

But in spite of its well-documented associated adverse psychological, social, and health outcomes (Haines, 2009), weight bias represents an under-acknowledged public health problem.

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If Only We Knew Then What We Know Now

Today’s guest post comes from Leanne De Souza. Leanne completed her PhD at the University of Toronto. She is also an author, a former CON-SNP National Executive, and CON Obesity Summer School (formerly known as Boot Camp) alumni. You can find more about Leanne here


Tell it to the Marines!

Steven Van Loy

Actually, tell it to the children! And make sure that they are SMALL enough to make BIG decisions.

I often contemplate where my research into screening and prevention of diabetes and cardiovascular disease might make a substantial impact. One element of the ideal prevention model would identify risk early enough to markedly impede incidence and would be initiated long before there was any real infringement of risk. In less round-about terms- the focus would be on those in the community who are at least immediate risk, but greatest eventual risk.

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Preventing Obesity ‘To Infinity and Beyond’

Today’s post comes from Taniya S. Nagpal. Taniya is a PhD candidate at Western University. She is also the current Special Events Coordinator of the CON-SNP National Executive. You can find more about Taniya here


 

freestocks.org

What if there was a way to prevent obesity before birth and what if there was a way to prevent obesity for not just one but potentially two generations? Research has shown that there is a way: Physical activity and nutrition behaviour change during pregnancy! Pregnancy is known as a “teachable moment” because women are thinking about changing lifestyle habits to improve their health and the health of their future child (Ruchat and Mottola, 2012). In fact, pregnancy is known to increase the likelihood of smoking cessation and abstinence from alcohol without an intervention (Nagpal et al., 2017, Pollak et al., 2010, Ockene et al., 2002). Women may also think about making healthy behaviour changes by increasing physical activity and improving their eating habits (Ruchat and Mottola, 2012). Pregnancy is not a time to “eat for two” but to “eat twice as healthy” (Quote from Dr. Michelle Mottola, American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting 2017).

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Living the Life of a Person Living with Obesity

Today’s guest post comes from Marty Enokson. Marty is chair of the Canadian Obesity Network’s Public Engagement Initiative. You can find out more about Marty here.


Margo Brodowicz

Okay, so this problem had plagued me for many, many years.

One of my biggest concerns for years was whether or not I could fit into a bathroom on a plane – especially for the incredibly long trips like the one that I am currently on to Copenhagen, Denmark. Seven hours without relieving oneself is an incredibly challenging proposition.

But, it is something I have worried about every single time I have flown.  I have never used the bathroom on a plane because I was always worried about being a spectacle: the overweight guy who couldn’t get into the bathroom. That, or I’d worry if I got in the bathroom I would get stuck. The horror of those images and the ridicule I would have suffered has traumatized and scarred me for a lifetime – so much so that I have never gone to the bathroom on a plane. Ever.  I am now 50 years old.

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On World Obesity Day

Today’s guest post comes from Jodi Krah. Jodi is an artist and activist, a community representative on the Canadian Obesity Network’s Science Committee, and a former member of the Canadian Obesity Network’s Public Engagement Committee. You can find out more about Jodi here.


I feel World Obesity Day is a moment of validation that obesity is indeed a disease; a moment that I can stop feeling so horrible about myself and my inability to cure my own disease. It says to the medical community and politicians that this classification is 100% supported by the World Health Organization and the Canadian Medical Association.

For decades, I subscribed to the commonly held belief that I had to heal myself. The cliché of “I made my bed, I can lie in it” comes to mind. However, I, like millions of others living with obesity, am gaining a clearer understanding of exactly just how improbable or monumental our health success is under the current opportunities afforded to us. Just look at the report card issued by The Canadian Obesity Network in the spring of 2017.  It is very clear to me, and would be to anyone reading it that has obesity, that our options are abysmal, especially when compared to access and options available to treat other diseases.  People living with obesity are listening and watching to see if this status quo is going to continue.

World Obesity Day calls upon our health systems, our politicians and philanthropic investors to think ‘big picture’, creatively and with fresh eyes to end the decades of suffering we have faced alone.

https://flic.kr/p/RX17qA

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